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Scientific Linux Installation v4.x

Installation guide for Scientific Linux v4.x

This web page describes installing for any Scientific Linux 4.x distribution. Simply replace anyplace that says 4.x or 4x with the appropriate version number. So if you were installing Scientific Linux 42, then you would replace 4.x with 4.2, and 4x with 42 wherever you see it in this document.

Pre-Installation Checklist

You'll need to acquire or know these items before installing Scientific Linux on your system:

  • (must have any one of the following)
    • Scientific Linux 4x Network Install CD-ROM
    • Scientific Linux 4x Network Install USB Drive
      A USB Drive network install only works on machines able to boot from a USB drive.
    • Scientific Linux 4x distribution cd's (set of 4)
  • (must have if doing network install - optional for cd install)network IP address
    • DHCP
      This is where a IP address and hostname get assigned to your machine for a limited time. Most laptops work this way, where you just plug in your computer and you automatically are on the network. Most cable modems use dhcp, but not all networks have dhcp on them. Check with your network administrator to find out if you can use DHCP or not.
      If you will be using DHCP during the install, you do not need to figure out your IP address, it will be detected and used automatically.
    • Static IP address
      This is where a IP address and hostname get assigned to your machine and never change. Many desktops at companies and laboratories work this way. Check with your network administrator to find out if you need a static IP address, or if you can use a DHCP network address.
      • The full name of the machine (supplied by your Network Administrator, or you get to choose it if you are lucky).
      • The IP address (supplied by your Network Administrator).
      • The network Netmask (supplied by Network Administrator with the IP address).
      • The network Default Gateway IP address (supplied by Network Administrator with the IP address).
      • The network Primary Name Server (supplied by Network Administrator with the IP address).
  • (must have if doing network install)network install server name and directory path
    • Server Name or IP Address
      If you are doing a network install, you have to have a server where you install from.
      The server can use NFS, HTTP, or FTP to server the distribution.
    • Distribution Path on Server
      You have to know the path to the Scientific Linux distribution. You cannot just point the installer at a server and expect it to know where you have the distribution.
      Remember that if you are using a server for both NFS, HTTP, and or FTP, the path might be different for each. Be sure you use the path corresponding to your installation method.

The size of the default installations vary.

  • Personal Desktop: 2,500 Meg
  • Workstation: 3,100 Meg
  • Server: 960 Meg
  • Everything: 6,300 Meg

  • Personal Desktop: 2,700 Meg
  • Workstation: 3,350 Meg
  • Server: 1,020 Meg
  • Everything: 7,200 Meg

Installation Instructions

  • Network Install: Note that the very first part of the install is done in text mode. This is because we simply cannot fit the graphical installation onto the initial boot image. Once you connect to the installation server it will try to startup the graphical install. Until that point, here are a few things to note.
    Use the Tab/Alt-Tab keys to navigate between elements.
    The <space> key selects/deselects items.
  • CDROM Install: The first cdrom is bootable if your BIOS is configured to boot from cd-roms.
  • Text Install: For either network or cd-rom install, type in 'linux text' and then return at the very first step.

Click on Image for full size image.
Click on Section Name for detailed instructions.
Sections marked with a ** have default screens inside their section.

Bootup Screen (Enter) or [linux text](Enter)

Language Selection(Network install only) [OK]

Keyboard(Network install only) [OK]

Installation Method(Network install only) Pick installation method then [OK]

Configure TCP/IP(Network install only)

  • Choose DHCP
  • or
  • Enter the IP address (from your Network Manager)
    Netmask (from your Network Manager)
    Default gateway (from your Network Manager)
    Primary nameserver (from your Network Manager)

NFS, FTP, or HTTP Setup(Network install only)
You should point your machine to your network installation server.
Depending on your network installation server, the path may be different. You should check to make sure you put the correct path in.
We are using i386 as an example, depending on what you are installing, you can replace that with x86_64 or ia64. But you must have gotten your installation media from the appropriate images area, because an i386 network install cd will not work with x86_64 install directory, or vice versa.

NFS server name: your.nfs.install.server
Scientific Linux directory: /export/linux/scientific/4x/i386

FTP server name: your.ftp.install.server
Scientific Linux directory: /linux/scientific/4x/i386

HTTP server name: your.http.install.server
Scientific Linux directory: /linux/scientific/4x/i386

At this point, the installation try's to startup the graphical installation, unless you are doing a text installation. If for some reason the installation is unable to startup the graphical mode, then it will run the installation in text mode. Although this is a rare occurance, it does happen from time to time.
At this point, you can also take out the network install cd if you wish, it is not used again.

Splash Screen

Welcome [Next]

Language Selection(CD-Rom install only) [Next]

Keyboard(CD-Rom install only) [Next]

Upgrade Examine (Only if upgradable) Choose between upgrading or a fresh install [Next]

Installation Type Pick installation type then [Next]

Disk Partitioning Setup Disk Druid [Next]

Partitioning Partition Correctly then [Next]

Boot Loader Configuration [Next]

Network Configuration Edit if necessary then [Next]

Firewall Configuration No Firewall [Next]

Additional Language Support [Next]

Time Zone Selection [Next]

Set Root Password type in Root's password twice then [Next]

Package Default Select 'Customize' if you wish [Next]

Package Group Selection Select/Remove desired packages then [Next]

About to Install [Next]

The installation will proceed.
This is the usual time to get a snack or stretch.

Congratulations Remove the cdrom from the drive [Exit]

Created by dawson
Contributors :
Last modified 2005-10-04 03:41 PM

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